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Regional Geology and Tectonics Principles of Geologic Analysis – David G. Roberts, A.W. Bally – 1st Edition


Los geólogos expertos en petróleo David Roberts y Albert Bally le traen Geología y tectónica regional: Principios del análisis geológico, volumen uno de una serie de tres volúmenes que cubre la tectónica y la geología regional fanerozoica. Ha sido escrito para brindarle una descripción detallada de los sistemas de grietas geológicos, márgenes pasivos y cuencas cratónicas, presenta los principios básicos necesarios para comprender los enfoques conceptuales para la exploración de hidrocarburos en una amplia gama de entornos geológicos a nivel mundial.

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  • Section 1 The Earth
    1. Regional geology and tectonics of sedimentary basins
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 A historical perspective
    1.3 Some remarks on regional geology and tectonics
    1.4 Conclusion

    2. The Earth
    2.1 Overview
    2.2 Methods of investigation
    2.3 The lithosphere
    2.4 The mantle
    2.5 The core

    3. Phanerozoic volcanism
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Mid-ocean ridge basalts
    3.3 Subduction zones: Andesites, basaltic andesites
    3.4 Oceanic intraplate volcanism
    3.5 Continental intraplate volcanism
    3.6 Discussion

    Section 2 Geological megaprovinces
    4. Some remarks on basins and basin classification and tectonostratigraphic megasequences
    4.1 Tectonstratigraphic megasequences

    5. A lithospheric perspective on structure and evolution of Precambrian cratons
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Lateral and depth extent of the cratons
    5.3 Correlation between lithospheric thickness and geological age
    5.4 Lithosphere modification by mantle convection and plumes
    5.5 Correlations between lateral and depth extents of cratonic lithosphere and plate motions

    6. Convergent margins and orogenic belts
    6.1 Introduction and summary
    6.2 Orogens, their types, terminology, and plate tectonic setting
    6.3 Orogenic belts and tectonics: Some terms defined
    6.4 Andean, Cordilleran, and Tethyan tectonics: Products of plate motions, mantle cooling, and supercontinental cycles
    6.5 Sutures and megasutures
    6.6 Cordilleran tectonics: Compression above non-compressional subduction
    6.7 Segments of steep subduction and tectonics of the arc-trench gap
    6.8 Segments of low-dip subduction and the compressional style
    6.9 Orogenic compression: A cradle of Coulomb wedges
    6.10 Five geodynamic concepts of orogeny
    6.11 Cordilleran tectonics: Confirming model and distracting details
    6.12 Basin types in orogens
    6.13 Basin types: Terminology and lithology
    6.14 Oceanic accretionary wedges: Sediments and structure
    6.15 Geodynamics of sedimentary basins
    6.16 Internides and externides
    6.17 Cordilleran main thrusts: Links between internides and externides
    6.18 Fold-thrust belts: Cordillera's Externides
    6.19 Wedge dynamics: Setting and growth of FTB wedges
    6.20 Wedge growth
    6.21 Wedge thickening
    6.22 Tectonic setting of FTB wedges
    6.23 FTB: Strain, style elements, and four styles
    6.24 First style: Fault-bend folds and duplexes
    6.25 Second style: Detached buckle folds
    6.26 Third style: FTB-associated basement upthrusts
    6.27 Fourth style: Slate belts
    6.28 Externide FTB: Selected details
    6.29 Foreland flexure
    6.30 Foothills and orogenic fronts
    6.31 Strain rates and style changes
    6.32 Problems with duplexes
    6.33 Remnant detached folds and discordant thrust faults
    6.34 Rotation zones, retrocharriage, steep zones
    6.35 Fanned steep zone
    6.36 Kinked steep zone
    6.37 Internides
    6.38 Arc magmatism and magmatic arcs
    6.39 Accreted terranes
    6.40 Ophiolite belts and oceanic lithosphere
    6.41 Ophiolitic melanges and ophiolite emplacement
    6.42 Metamorphism: Concepts and methods
    6.43 Structural styles of metamorphic terranes
    6.44 Stockwerk tectonics in East Greenland
    6.45 Collision orogens
    6.46 Orogenic belts and strike-slip tectonics
    6.47 Orogenic belts and extensional tectonics
    6.48 Oceanic orogenic belts
    6.49 Gravity-driven fold-thrust belts

    7. Crustal seismic reflection profiles of collisional orogens
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 The global database
    7.3 General seismic reflection characteristics of collisional orogens
    7.4 Regional geometric features of collisional orogens
    7.5 The significance of the Moho and the crust-mantle transition
    7.6 Precambrian orogens
    7.7 Conclusions

    Section 3 Principles of Regional Geological Analysis: Geological and Geophysical Tools
    8. Geological methods
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Satellite images and data
    8.3 Hotspots, rifts, reefs, deltas, and cratonic regions: Views from space (seeChapter 9)
    8.4 Geological and tectonic maps

    9. Hotspots, rifts, reefs, deltas, and cratonic basins
    9.1 Volcanic oceanic islands, plateaus, hotspots
    9.2 Deltas
    9.3 Recent carbonate systems
    9.4 Rift-transform fault systems
    9.5 Cratonic basins and arches

    10. 2D and 3D seismic data

    11. Wide-angle refraction and reflection
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Wide-angle acquisition
    11.3 Modelling wide-angle data
    11.4 Examples of wide-angle seismic interpretations

    12. Regional tectonics and basin formation
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Continental scale gravity and magnetic studies
    12.3 Satellite measurements
    12.4 Conclusion

    Section 4 Sedimentary Systems
    13. Seismic and sequence stratigraphic analysis
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Brief history of sequence stratigraphy
    13.3 The eustasy debate and cyclicity
    13.4 Modern sequence stratigraphic concepts
    13.5 Stratigraphic surfaces, sequences and system tracts
    13.6 Case history A: Sequences on seismic – Alaska, USA
    13.7 Case history B: Sequences on well logs – Barrow Delta, Australia

    14. A brief review of developments in stratigraphic forward modelling, 2000–2009
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Basics of model formulation
    14.3 Model inversion
    14.4 Siliciclastic SFMs
    14.5 Carbonate SFMs
    14.6 What next in SFM?

    15. Lake systems
    15.1 Introduction to lakes and lake systems
    15.2 Lakes in time and space; preservation of lakes in the Phanerozoic rock record
    15.3 Classification of lakes; the different settings for lakes
    15.4 Conditions needed to create and maintain a tectonic lake with well-developed lake sequences
    15.5 Megasequences, sequences, and cycles in basins containing tectonic lakes
    15.6 Controls on lake sequences and sequence stratigraphy
    15.7 Important differences between lake and marine sequence stratigraphy
    15.8 Principal depositional environments in lake basins
    15.9 Predicting lake sequences and facies
    15.10 Major petroleum systems involving lake sequences
    15.11 Features of potential petroleum source-rocks that develop in lakes
    15.12 Petroleum systems in Early Cretaceous and Tertiary lake basins of South and East Asia

    16. Late Ordovician glaciogenic reservoir heterogeneity
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Study area
    16.3 Geological setting
    16.4 Stratigraphic architecture
    16.5 Internal facies architecture of syn-glacial sandstones (Unit 2)
    16.6 Internal facies architecture of syn-glacial to postglacial sandstones (Unit 4)
    16.7 Conclusions

    17. River deltas
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 Global distribution of deltas
    17.3 Sources of delta variability
    17.4 Basic depositional components of deltas
    17.5 Shifting of sedimentary facies belts
    17.6 Deltas and sea level

    18. Architecture and growth history of a Miocene carbonate platform from 3D seismic reflection data
    18.1 Introduction
    18.2 Geological setting
    18.3 Data and methods
    18.4 Seismic stratigraphic units
    18.5 Ties to wells
    18.6 Interpretation
    18.7 Discussion
    18.8 Conclusions

    19. Pelagic realms
    19.1 Overview
    19.2 Distribution
    19.3 Rates of sedimentation
    19.4 Plate stratigraphy
    19.5 Pelagic sediments on land
    19.6 Temporal trends in pelagic sedimentation

    20. Controls on reservoir distribution, architecture, and stratigraphic trapping in slope settings
    20.1 Introduction
    20.2 Accommodation
    20.3 Slope types
    20.4 Discussion
    20.5 Conclusions

    21. The Barbados ridge
    21.1 The Lesser Antilles active margin
    21.2 The Atlantic abyssal plain
    21.3 The outer deformation front
    21.4 The belt of subsurface sediment mobilisation
    21.5 Barbados basin
    21.6 Barbados crest
    21.7 Inner deformation front and the Tobago basin
    21.8 Conclusion

    22. Uplift, denudation, and their causes and constraints over geological timescales
    22.1 Introduction
    22.2 Some definitions
    22.3 Causes of uplift
    22.4 Quantifying denudation
    22.5 Denudation and sediment supply
    22.6 Modelling regional denudation
    22.7 Summary statement

    23. The accumulation of organic-matter-rich rocks within an earth systems framework
    23.1 Plate reconstructions
    23.2 Proximate controls on accumulation of organic matter
    23.3 Application of concepts to predicting source accumulation
    23.4 Conclusions

    24. Fluid flow in sedimentary basins including petroleum systems
    24.1 Introduction
    24.2 Principles of fluid flow in sedimentary basins
    24.3 Overpressure detection and modelling
    24.4 Hydrocarbon fluids and charge modelling
    24.5 Petroleum systems analysis

    Section 5 Experimental and analogue structural models
    25. 4D analogue modelling of transtensional pull-apart basins
    25.1 Introduction
    25.2 Experimental procedure
    25.3 Experimental results
    25.4 Discussion
    25.5 Conclusions

    Section 6 Ocean Basins
    26. Ocean floor tectonics
    26.1 Introduction
    26.2 Mid-ocean ridges
    26.3 Transform faults
    26.4 Subduction zones

    27. Ophiolites and oceanic lithosphere
    27.1 Introduction
    27.2 Ophiolites and ophiolites
    27.3 Ophiolites as paleogeographic markers
    27.4 Conclusion
  • Citar Libro
    • Título: Regional Geology and Tectonics Principles of Geologic Analysis
    • Autor/es:
    • ISBN-13: 9780080951867
    • Edición: 1ra Edición
    • Año de edición: 2012
    • Tema: Civil
    • Subtema: Geología
    • Tipo de Archivo: eBook
    • Idioma: eBook en Inglés

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